• How Its Made - Crude Oil

    Video mengenai proses pengolahan minyak, mulai dari sumur minyak, pengeboran, pengilangan, sampai jadi minyak siap pakai. Video dibuat oleh Discovery.

    published: 27 Jun 2014
  • The Largest Oil Rig in The World

    Perdido is the deepest floating oil rig (platform) in the world at a water depth of about 2450 meters operated by the Shell Oil Company in the Gulf of Mexico. The Perdido is located in the Perdido fold belt which is a rich discovery of crude oil and natural gas that lies in water that is nearly 8000 feet deep. The platform's peak production will be 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day. At 267 meters, the Perdido is nearly as tall as the Eiffel Tower. An oil rig is a large structure with facilities to drill wells, to extract and process oil and natural gas, and to temporarily store product until it can be brought to shore for refining and marketing. In many cases, the platform contains facilities to house the workforce as well.

    published: 26 Nov 2013
  • Crude Oil Extraction

    Most commonly, geologists apply seismology for oil location. In this method, shock waves are created that pass through rock layers and are then reflected back to the surface where they are measured using the seismic equipment. In some ways, this is similar to the way sonar maps surface structures. The basic premise of the seismological technique is that the numbers of sound waves reflected and the speed at which they travel are affected by the density of rock layers through which they must pass. Oil deposits will reflect sound waves differently than solid rock.

    published: 04 Jul 2016
  • How petroleum exploration and refining process

    This video explain how crude oil was explored, explain the drilling process, transporting crude oil to refinery,distillation process till final product petrol obtained...

    published: 28 Sep 2011
  • Learn Oil and Gas with Animations

    - Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips - Oil and gas are generated from a source rock, organic matter buried in the depths of the earth. Once formed, they climb back towards the surface. On their way, cap rocks can impede their progress and they accumulate in reservoir rocks. Here they constitute hydrocarbon fields, which can be identified by interpreting seismic data (a sort of echography). The data is obtained with the help of a seismic ship. To confirm the interpretations of seismic data, two types of drilling gear exist. Each is adapted to a range of depth of water (down to more than 2500 meters). The platform seen here is a semi-submersible, which floats and retains its stabilised position by means of anchors fixed on the seabed. Platforms at sea are used not only f...

    published: 06 Mar 2014
  • Crude Oil Extraction, Refining & History of Oil Production in 1920s - Silent Action

    The Story of Gasoline - 1920s Silent Action oil refining. Early history of Gas production. Crude oil pumped, refining & petroleum extraction.

    published: 15 Jun 2014
  • The production of crude oil - Black gold

    It's hard to imagine a world in which oil doesn't play such a central role in global economics, with just about every industry critically dependent upon it and countries willing to wage war over this black gold. But things could so easily have turned out differently. While people may have been burning oil and using it as a lubricant for thousands of years, it was not until the motor industry took off about 80 years ago that oil started to become such a key player. Henry Ford's Model T, the first production-line car, was actually designed to run off alcohol-based ethanol, as well as oil-derived petrol. But thanks to the prohibition of alcohol in the US, petrol fuels prevailed. In its raw form, oil consists of a black, viscous fluid made up of high concentrations of organic compounds origin...

    published: 12 Dec 2016
  • Crude: The Incredible Journey Of Oil

    It has taken between 50-300 million years to form, and yet we have managed to burn roughly half of all global oil reserves in merely 125 years or so. The world now consumes 85 million barrels of oil per day, or 40,000 gallons per second, and demand is growing exponentially. Oil production in 33 out of 48 out countries has now peaked, including Kuwait, Russia and Mexico. Global oil production is now also approaching an all time peak and can potentially end our Industrial Civilization. The most distinguished and prominent geologists, oil industry experts, energy analysts and organizations all agree that big trouble is brewing. The world is not running out of oil itself, but rather its ability to produce high-quality cheap and economically extractable oil on demand. After more than fifty...

    published: 19 Jan 2015
  • How Oil And Gas Is Extracted From Shale

    A video explaining how oil and gas is extracted from shale.

    published: 07 Dec 2015
  • How Oil and Gas wells are drilled?

    Geologists use seismic surveys to search for geological structures that may form oil reservoirs. The "classic" method includes making an underground explosion nearby and observing the seismic response that provides information about the geological structures under the ground. However, "passive" methods that extract information from naturally-occurring seismic waves are also known. The oil well is created by drilling a long hole into the earth with an oil rig. A steel pipe (casing) is placed in the hole, to provide structural integrity to the newly drilled well bore. Holes are then made in the base of the well to enable oil to pass into the bore.Finally a collection of valves called a "Christmas Tree" is fitted to the top, the valves regulate pressures and control flow. During the primary...

    published: 24 Oct 2014
  • How to Make Petrol or Gas from Crude Oil.

    The video shows how crude oil is mined and how petrol, gas, jet fuel, etc., are 'refined' from it. The scenes take place in Texas, USA.

    published: 14 Dec 2010
  • How It Works - Oil Production Process

    This video Describes the basic process of oil and natural gas production using hydraulic fracturing. This is an overview used for training new oilfield employees and first time sand coordinators within the oil and gas industry. Please visit our website for more information http://www.nexuscoordinators.com

    published: 05 Apr 2016
  • Crude Oil Distillation

    http://www.cteskills.com Crude oil is processed into more useful petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel. In this video, learn the theory and process behind how crude oil distilation works. Crude Oil Distillation, Distillation, oil, gasoline, diesle, diesel, jet fuel, production, refinery, oil production, petroleum, pumps, valves, compressors, cooling towers,

    published: 06 Feb 2013
  • Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World

    Top 10 Oil Producing Countries In The World: Where’s The Greatest Petroleum Dominion? Despite the advent of the green economy, oil remains a valuable commodity capable of creating fortunes (and using them to purchase Premier League clubs or World Cups). With China recently surpassing the US in oil imports, the situation seems unlikely to change any time soon. While the future situation is sure to change as extraction technology improves and old wells go dry, let’s take a look at the current top dogs in petroleum production. With just over 90 million barrels per day of total production, the top ten producers are responsible for over 60% of the barrels flowing each day. For this list, we’re focusing solely on crude oil extraction, leaving aside natural gas and biofuel production–two fuel s...

    published: 01 Mar 2016
  • Extracting Oil from Under sea using Technology

    published: 24 Sep 2014
  • Will Russia Become the King of Crude Oil in 2016?

    Dec. 21 -- Lena Komileva, chief economist at G Plus Economics, and Bloomberg's Julian Lee discuss Russia's oil production and their outlook for the commodity in 2016. They speak to Bloomberg's Anna Edwards on "Countdown."

    published: 21 Dec 2015
  • A look at current Kuwaiti oil production, fields

    1. Close-up of pipes running past camera, part of 'Gathering Area 19' at Burgan oil field 2. Long shot of gas flaring off 3. Flames rising from another flare-off on the ground 4. Small pipes running across the ground, tilts up to show horizon 5. Various shots of crude oil storage tanks 6. Various of oil sample being taken, bottle placed under tap 7. Oil worker handing the bottle 8. Wide of drums and pipes 9. Close-up of oil drums labelled: "Kuwaitoil" 10. SOUNDBITE: (English) Abdul Khaleq Mustafa, Press Officer for Kuwait Oil Co: "Oil production is in a normal capacity, nothing changed, especially in the fields of the south and western Kuwait, so far we are in normal production and we are taking security measures such as checking points in terms of keeping an open eye...

    published: 21 Jul 2015
  • Oil Production

    published: 08 May 2017
  • U.S. headed for new oil production record in 2018?

    OPIS Chief Oil Analyst Tom Kloza on the outlook for oil prices and its impact on the airline industry.

    published: 16 Dec 2016
  • Counting the Cost - Why is OPEC refusing to cut oil production?

    Despite plummeting oil prices and a glut in global supplies, members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), have decided to increase oil production levels despite growing disagreement among members over the strategy. OPEC, which provides a third of global oil, recently decided to increase its collective output to 31.5 million barrels per day, despite crude oil prices dropping to a seven-year-low, now hovering around $40 a barrel. Made up of Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela; the oil cartel has been supplying an already over-supplied market with cheap oil - with all of its members now feeling the pinch. But countries such as Venezuela have been the hardest hit. Wit...

    published: 13 Dec 2015
  • Oil Production in Saudi Arabia is Near an All-Time High

    Oil prices have been bouncing around all morning. Saudi Arabia says its oil production is near an all time high of around 10 million barrels of crude oil per day. Also, factory activity in China is slowing, which is also impacting oil prices. Whiting Petroleum says it will offer 35 million shares as well as 1.75 billion in convertible senior notes. Earlier this month, Whiting was reportedly seeking a buyer but the stock and note sale cast doubt on whether the oil and gas provider can find a buyer for the company. FDA has approved Abiomed's blood pump device, which will be used during heart procedures. Subscribe to TheStreetTV on YouTube: http://t.st/TheStreetTV For more content from TheStreet visit: http://thestreet.com Check out all our videos: http://youtube.com/user/TheStreetTV Foll...

    published: 24 Mar 2015
  • √ Petroleum Refining - Crude Oil - Production of Materials - Petrochemical - HSC Chemistry

    https://www.iitutor.com Fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas are important sources of energy for industrialised countries. These fuels, which are mixtures of hydrocarbons, are burned in air or oxygen to release energy. However fossil fuels, particularly petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas, have another important use. They are an invaluable source of raw materials for the petrochemical industry. About 95% of all synthetic carbon compounds, including plastics, resins and solvents, are derived from compounds produced from petroleum and natural gas. Petroleum (crude oil) is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons consisting mainly of alkanes and cycloalkanes with smaller quantities of unsaturated hydrocarbons including alkenes. Regardless of whether the petroleum is used for fuel...

    published: 20 Sep 2013
  • ONGC : Oil and Natural Gas Commission of India

    Since its inception, ONGC has been instrumental in transforming the country's limited upstream sector into a large viable playing field, with its activities spread throughout India and significantly in overseas territories. In the inland areas, ONGC not only found new resources in Assam but also established new oil province in Cambay basin (Gujarat), while adding new petroliferous areas in the Assam-Arakan Fold Belt and East coast basins (both inland and offshore). ONGC went offshore in early 70's and discovered a giant oil field in the form of Bombay High, now known as Mumbai High. This discovery, along with subsequent discoveries of huge oil and gas fields in Western offshore changed the oil scenario of the country. Subsequently, over 5 billion tonnes of hydrocarbons, which were present ...

    published: 03 Jun 2016
  • Oil Pipeline Attacks: Nigeria's Crude Oil Production Drops

    For more information log on to http://www.channelstv.com

    published: 23 May 2016
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How Its Made - Crude Oil

How Its Made - Crude Oil

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:55
  • Updated: 27 Jun 2014
  • views: 44084
videos
Video mengenai proses pengolahan minyak, mulai dari sumur minyak, pengeboran, pengilangan, sampai jadi minyak siap pakai. Video dibuat oleh Discovery.
https://wn.com/How_Its_Made_Crude_Oil
The Largest Oil Rig in The World

The Largest Oil Rig in The World

  • Order:
  • Duration: 19:43
  • Updated: 26 Nov 2013
  • views: 4917222
videos
Perdido is the deepest floating oil rig (platform) in the world at a water depth of about 2450 meters operated by the Shell Oil Company in the Gulf of Mexico. The Perdido is located in the Perdido fold belt which is a rich discovery of crude oil and natural gas that lies in water that is nearly 8000 feet deep. The platform's peak production will be 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day. At 267 meters, the Perdido is nearly as tall as the Eiffel Tower. An oil rig is a large structure with facilities to drill wells, to extract and process oil and natural gas, and to temporarily store product until it can be brought to shore for refining and marketing. In many cases, the platform contains facilities to house the workforce as well.
https://wn.com/The_Largest_Oil_Rig_In_The_World
Crude Oil Extraction

Crude Oil Extraction

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:24
  • Updated: 04 Jul 2016
  • views: 2780
videos
Most commonly, geologists apply seismology for oil location. In this method, shock waves are created that pass through rock layers and are then reflected back to the surface where they are measured using the seismic equipment. In some ways, this is similar to the way sonar maps surface structures. The basic premise of the seismological technique is that the numbers of sound waves reflected and the speed at which they travel are affected by the density of rock layers through which they must pass. Oil deposits will reflect sound waves differently than solid rock.
https://wn.com/Crude_Oil_Extraction
How petroleum exploration and refining process

How petroleum exploration and refining process

  • Order:
  • Duration: 8:49
  • Updated: 28 Sep 2011
  • views: 637701
videos
This video explain how crude oil was explored, explain the drilling process, transporting crude oil to refinery,distillation process till final product petrol obtained...
https://wn.com/How_Petroleum_Exploration_And_Refining_Process
Learn Oil and Gas with Animations

Learn Oil and Gas with Animations

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:33
  • Updated: 06 Mar 2014
  • views: 295436
videos
- Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips - Oil and gas are generated from a source rock, organic matter buried in the depths of the earth. Once formed, they climb back towards the surface. On their way, cap rocks can impede their progress and they accumulate in reservoir rocks. Here they constitute hydrocarbon fields, which can be identified by interpreting seismic data (a sort of echography). The data is obtained with the help of a seismic ship. To confirm the interpretations of seismic data, two types of drilling gear exist. Each is adapted to a range of depth of water (down to more than 2500 meters). The platform seen here is a semi-submersible, which floats and retains its stabilised position by means of anchors fixed on the seabed. Platforms at sea are used not only for drilling but also for the production of hydrocarbons. This production consists of the separation of oil, gas and water, before the oil and gas is taken by pipeline towards a mainland terminal. Where it is impossible or too expensive to link the field to the coast by a pipeline, an FPSO ship is used (Floating Production Storage and Offloading barge). Onboard, the hydrocarbons and the water are separated. The oil is stored prior to being loaded on tankers and the gas is re-injected into the reservoir rocks. Gas from a field is taken to land through an underground gasoduct to a processing plant. There, if the gas is to be transported by sea, it is converted into liquid obtained by cooling it down to --163°C. When it arrives at the plant terminal, the liquid natural gas (LNG) is returned to its gaseous state in a re-gasification plant, before being introduced into the local gasoduct network. The LNG is stored in tanks before re-gasification. The crude oil is transported in a petroleum tanker, the capacity of which can attain 200 000 tons. It is commonly called a "super- tanker". The terminals capable of receiving such giants are few and far between. The ships used to transport the crude oil produced on an FPSO ship are of a much smaller capacity. The crude oil, before being refined, is stored in the port in the large capacity tanks. The natural gas is preserved in reservoirs (artificial or natural). It is ready to be injected by pumping into the gasoduct network for industrial and domestic use or as fuel in power-generating stations. As far as the crude oil goes, it is transported by oleoduct to the refinery. There it undergoes a number of transformations and blending. A variety of finished products are obtained (LPG, petrol, kerosene, diesel ...), or naphtha, which will be used as the basis for the composition of plastic products by complex petroleum chemistry. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips Twitter: https://twitter.com/oilvips And Don't forget to subscribe to our channel
https://wn.com/Learn_Oil_And_Gas_With_Animations
Crude Oil Extraction, Refining & History of Oil Production in 1920s - Silent Action

Crude Oil Extraction, Refining & History of Oil Production in 1920s - Silent Action

  • Order:
  • Duration: 43:15
  • Updated: 15 Jun 2014
  • views: 7952
videos
The Story of Gasoline - 1920s Silent Action oil refining. Early history of Gas production. Crude oil pumped, refining & petroleum extraction.
https://wn.com/Crude_Oil_Extraction,_Refining_History_Of_Oil_Production_In_1920S_Silent_Action
The production of crude oil - Black gold

The production of crude oil - Black gold

  • Order:
  • Duration: 43:55
  • Updated: 12 Dec 2016
  • views: 258
videos
It's hard to imagine a world in which oil doesn't play such a central role in global economics, with just about every industry critically dependent upon it and countries willing to wage war over this black gold. But things could so easily have turned out differently. While people may have been burning oil and using it as a lubricant for thousands of years, it was not until the motor industry took off about 80 years ago that oil started to become such a key player. Henry Ford's Model T, the first production-line car, was actually designed to run off alcohol-based ethanol, as well as oil-derived petrol. But thanks to the prohibition of alcohol in the US, petrol fuels prevailed. In its raw form, oil consists of a black, viscous fluid made up of high concentrations of organic compounds originally derived from dead animal and vegetable matter, such as plankton, which have endured extreme geological processes over millions of years. When refined into hydrocarbon fuels, chains of carbon and hydrogen molecules, it becomes a useful fuel because it has such a high energy density, typically 10 times that of dynamite. Part of our dependence on oil is due to the fact that a vast range of chemicals and materials are derived from it, including plastics, detergents, solvents and adhesives. However, many of these products could be manufactured synthetically. Where our real addiction to oil lies is in its use as a liquid fuel. There are plenty of other cleaner and more sustainable energy sources that could be used to power and heat our homes. But when it comes to transport, alternatives start to get tricky. This does not just come down to the high energy density of oil-derived fuels - after all, hydrogen fuel has an energy density roughly three times that of petrol. The problem is that we already have a multibillion-dollar infrastructure designed to produce, distribute and burn petrol. Where does oil come from? Despite the popular conception that oil exists in vast underground caverns, or wells, oil is in fact formed in porous, sponge-like rock formations. Before a well is tapped, the oil exists under immense pressure, meaning that when it is first drilled it forces itself out - essentially self-extracting. However, when the pressure eventually dips, the porous nature of the rock starts to play havoc with the extraction process, making a large proportion of the oil difficult to get out, or even gauge how much oil is in the well. In fact, even after using the most advanced extraction techniques, such as blasting high-pressure steam into the rock to force the oil out, no more than 40% of the oil is currently thought to be recoverable. With all the biggest known oil wells now thoroughly tapped, this poses a problem for the oil industry if it is to maintain oil recovery rates that can meet our still-growing demand. In light of this, the US is pumping tens of millions of dollars into research to find new ways to find and extract whatever oil is still out there. One idea is to pump novel nano-materials into wells to help loosen the oil's grip on the rock so it can more easily be extracted. Similarly, nano-sensors are also being developed that would be distributed into wells and interrogated from above ground to help map wells and find what oil is left. But, inevitably, it will run out. Precisely when is a moot point, but some estimates say we have already reached peak oil production, while others say this won't happen until about 2030. With demand for oil rising by roughly 2% a year, increasing by up to 47% by 2030, it's hard not to assume we are driving into a major energy crisis. Desperate to keep productivity up, the oil industry is investing billions into extracting oil from more energy-intensive and costly sources such as tar sands and oil shales. Meanwhile, governments are investing in biofuel technologies, which make it possible to produce hydrocarbon fuels from feedstocks of crops such as rapeseed or maize. However, biofuels, although more sustainable than oil, are energy, land and water-intensive and carry a cost in terms of agricultural chemical pollution, and there is concern that it uses valuable land needed for producing food. One solution, now being explored, is the use of solar energy to reverse the combustion process and produce hydrocarbon fuels from carbon dioxide sucked out of the atmosphere. . Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7eMdkXyqdVqwq8NG_uH5eA?sub_confirmation=1
https://wn.com/The_Production_Of_Crude_Oil_Black_Gold
Crude: The Incredible Journey Of Oil

Crude: The Incredible Journey Of Oil

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:29:20
  • Updated: 19 Jan 2015
  • views: 89777
videos
It has taken between 50-300 million years to form, and yet we have managed to burn roughly half of all global oil reserves in merely 125 years or so. The world now consumes 85 million barrels of oil per day, or 40,000 gallons per second, and demand is growing exponentially. Oil production in 33 out of 48 out countries has now peaked, including Kuwait, Russia and Mexico. Global oil production is now also approaching an all time peak and can potentially end our Industrial Civilization. The most distinguished and prominent geologists, oil industry experts, energy analysts and organizations all agree that big trouble is brewing. The world is not running out of oil itself, but rather its ability to produce high-quality cheap and economically extractable oil on demand. After more than fifty years of research and analysis on the subject by the most widely respected & rational scientists, it is now clear that the rate at which world oil producers can extract oil is reaching the maximum level possible. This is what is meant by Peak Oil. With great effort and expenditure, the current level of oil production can possibly be maintained for a few more years, but beyond that oil production must begin a permanent & irreversible decline. The Stone Age did not end because of the lack of stones, and the Oil Age won't end because of lack of oil. The issue is lack of further growth, followed by gradual, then steep decline. Dr King Hubbert correctly predicted peaking of USA oil production in the 1970's on this basis. It is now widely acknowledged by the world's leading petroleum geologists that more than 95 percent of all recoverable oil has now been found. We therefore know, within a reasonable degree of certainty, the total amount of oil available to us. Any oil well has roughly the same life cycle where the production rate peaks before it goes into terminal decline. This happens when about half of the oil has been recovered from the well. We have consumed approximately half of the world’s total reserve of about 2.5 trillion barrels of conventional oil in the ground when we started drilling the first well at a current rate of over 30 billion a year, meaning the world is nearing its production plateau. Worldwide discovery of oil peaked in 1964 and has followed a steady decline since. According to industry consultants IHS Energy, 90% of all known reserves are now in production, suggesting that few major discoveries remain to be made. There have been no significant discoveries of new oil since 2002. In 2001 there were 8 large scale discoveries, and in 2002 there were 3 such discoveries. In 2003 there were no large scale discoveries of oil. Given geologists' sophisticated understanding of the characteristics that would indicate a major oil find, is is highly unlikely that any area large enough to be significant has eluded attention and no amount or kind of technology will alter that. Since 1981 we have consumed oil faster than we have found it, and the gap continues to widen. Developing an area such as the Artic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska has a ten year lead time and would ultimately produce well under 1% of what the world currently consumes (IEA).
https://wn.com/Crude_The_Incredible_Journey_Of_Oil
How Oil And Gas Is Extracted From Shale

How Oil And Gas Is Extracted From Shale

  • Order:
  • Duration: 6:37
  • Updated: 07 Dec 2015
  • views: 288291
videos
A video explaining how oil and gas is extracted from shale.
https://wn.com/How_Oil_And_Gas_Is_Extracted_From_Shale
How Oil and Gas wells are drilled?

How Oil and Gas wells are drilled?

  • Order:
  • Duration: 19:38
  • Updated: 24 Oct 2014
  • views: 406245
videos
Geologists use seismic surveys to search for geological structures that may form oil reservoirs. The "classic" method includes making an underground explosion nearby and observing the seismic response that provides information about the geological structures under the ground. However, "passive" methods that extract information from naturally-occurring seismic waves are also known. The oil well is created by drilling a long hole into the earth with an oil rig. A steel pipe (casing) is placed in the hole, to provide structural integrity to the newly drilled well bore. Holes are then made in the base of the well to enable oil to pass into the bore.Finally a collection of valves called a "Christmas Tree" is fitted to the top, the valves regulate pressures and control flow. During the primary recovery stage, reservoir drive comes from a number of natural mechanisms. These include: natural water displacing oil downward into the well, expansion of the natural gas at the top of the reservoir, expansion of gas initially dissolved in the crude oil, and gravity drainage resulting from the movement of oil within the reservoir from the upper to the lower parts where the wells are located. Recovery factor during the primary recovery stage is typically 5-15%. While the underground pressure in the oil reservoir is sufficient to force the oil to the surface, all that is necessary is to place a complex arrangement of valves (the Christmas tree) on the well head to connect the well to a pipeline network for storage and processing. Sometimes pumps, such as beam pumps and electrical submersible pumps (ESPs), are used to bring the oil to the surface; these are known as artificial lift mechanisms. Over the lifetime of the well the pressure will fall, and at some point there will be insufficient underground pressure to force the oil to the surface. After natural reservoir drive diminishes, secondary recovery methods are applied. They rely on the supply of external energy into the reservoir in the form of injecting fluids to increase reservoir pressure, hence replacing or increasing the natural reservoir drive with an artificial drive. Secondary recovery techniques increase the reservoir's pressure by water injection, natural gas reinjection and gas lift, which injects air, carbon dioxide or some other gas into the bottom of an active well, reducing the overall density of fluid in the wellbore. Typical recovery factor from water-flood operations is about 30%, depending on the properties of oil and the characteristics of the reservoir rock. On average, the recovery factor after primary and secondary oil recovery operations is between 35 and 45%. The amount of oil that is recoverable is determined by a number of factors including the permeability of the rocks, the strength of natural drives (the gas present, pressure from adjacent water or gravity), and the viscosity of the oil. When the reservoir rocks are "tight" such as shale, oil generally cannot flow through but when they are permeable such as in sandstone, oil flows freely. The flow of oil is often helped by natural pressures surrounding the reservoir rocks including natural gas that may be dissolved in the oil (Gas oil ratio), natural gas present above the oil, water below the oil and the strength of gravity. Oils tend to span a large range of viscosity from liquids as light as gasoline to heavy as tar. The lightest forms tend to result in higher extraction rates. Petroleum engineering is the discipline responsible for evaluating which well locations and recovery mechanisms are appropriate for a reservoir and for estimating recovery rates and oil reserves prior to actual extraction.
https://wn.com/How_Oil_And_Gas_Wells_Are_Drilled
How to Make Petrol or Gas from Crude Oil.

How to Make Petrol or Gas from Crude Oil.

  • Order:
  • Duration: 13:50
  • Updated: 14 Dec 2010
  • views: 792550
videos
The video shows how crude oil is mined and how petrol, gas, jet fuel, etc., are 'refined' from it. The scenes take place in Texas, USA.
https://wn.com/How_To_Make_Petrol_Or_Gas_From_Crude_Oil.
How It Works - Oil Production Process

How It Works - Oil Production Process

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:18
  • Updated: 05 Apr 2016
  • views: 2191
videos
This video Describes the basic process of oil and natural gas production using hydraulic fracturing. This is an overview used for training new oilfield employees and first time sand coordinators within the oil and gas industry. Please visit our website for more information http://www.nexuscoordinators.com
https://wn.com/How_It_Works_Oil_Production_Process
Crude Oil Distillation

Crude Oil Distillation

  • Order:
  • Duration: 20:18
  • Updated: 06 Feb 2013
  • views: 272037
videos
http://www.cteskills.com Crude oil is processed into more useful petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel. In this video, learn the theory and process behind how crude oil distilation works. Crude Oil Distillation, Distillation, oil, gasoline, diesle, diesel, jet fuel, production, refinery, oil production, petroleum, pumps, valves, compressors, cooling towers,
https://wn.com/Crude_Oil_Distillation
Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World

Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:49
  • Updated: 01 Mar 2016
  • views: 9747
videos
Top 10 Oil Producing Countries In The World: Where’s The Greatest Petroleum Dominion? Despite the advent of the green economy, oil remains a valuable commodity capable of creating fortunes (and using them to purchase Premier League clubs or World Cups). With China recently surpassing the US in oil imports, the situation seems unlikely to change any time soon. While the future situation is sure to change as extraction technology improves and old wells go dry, let’s take a look at the current top dogs in petroleum production. With just over 90 million barrels per day of total production, the top ten producers are responsible for over 60% of the barrels flowing each day. For this list, we’re focusing solely on crude oil extraction, leaving aside natural gas and biofuel production–two fuel sources of which the US is a worldwide leader. 1º Saudi Arabia – 11.75 million barrels per day 2º United States – 10.59 million barrels per day 3º Russia10.3 million barrels per day 4º China – 4.19 million barrels per day 5º Iran – 4.13 million barrels per day 6º Canada – 3.92 million barrels per day 7º United Arab Emirates – 3.23 million barrels per day 8º Mexico – 2.95 million barrels per day 9º Brazil – 2.8 million barrels per day 10º Kuwait – 2.75 million barrels per day Our Facebook page: http://on.fb.me/1jMoFBq
https://wn.com/Top_10_Oil_Producing_Countries_In_The_World
Extracting Oil from Under sea using Technology

Extracting Oil from Under sea using Technology

  • Order:
  • Duration: 7:17
  • Updated: 24 Sep 2014
  • views: 69760
videos
https://wn.com/Extracting_Oil_From_Under_Sea_Using_Technology
Will Russia Become the King of Crude Oil in 2016?

Will Russia Become the King of Crude Oil in 2016?

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:27
  • Updated: 21 Dec 2015
  • views: 32115
videos
Dec. 21 -- Lena Komileva, chief economist at G Plus Economics, and Bloomberg's Julian Lee discuss Russia's oil production and their outlook for the commodity in 2016. They speak to Bloomberg's Anna Edwards on "Countdown."
https://wn.com/Will_Russia_Become_The_King_Of_Crude_Oil_In_2016
A look at current Kuwaiti oil production, fields

A look at current Kuwaiti oil production, fields

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:15
  • Updated: 21 Jul 2015
  • views: 4074
videos
1. Close-up of pipes running past camera, part of 'Gathering Area 19' at Burgan oil field 2. Long shot of gas flaring off 3. Flames rising from another flare-off on the ground 4. Small pipes running across the ground, tilts up to show horizon 5. Various shots of crude oil storage tanks 6. Various of oil sample being taken, bottle placed under tap 7. Oil worker handing the bottle 8. Wide of drums and pipes 9. Close-up of oil drums labelled: "Kuwaitoil" 10. SOUNDBITE: (English) Abdul Khaleq Mustafa, Press Officer for Kuwait Oil Co: "Oil production is in a normal capacity, nothing changed, especially in the fields of the south and western Kuwait, so far we are in normal production and we are taking security measures such as checking points in terms of keeping an open eye on the area. But so far we are at normal production, nothing changed." 11. Close-up of oil valve at 'Oil well 14' 12. Staircase 13. Wide shot of metalwork and ground showing general destruction caused by Iraqis 14. Various of damaged equipment: Bent metal and collapsed walls 15. Wide shot showing damaged holding tank STORYLINE: Despite tension in the Gulf Kuwait's oil production capacity remains unchanged, according to the country's oil ministry. At 'Gathering Centre 19' on the Burgan oil field south east of Kuwait city, pumps were humming as crude made its way through pipelines to storage terminals on the Gulf coast. Burgan, first prospected in 1938, is the second largest oil field in the world. Kuwait is currently producing more than two (m) million barrels of crude daily, an amount in line with current OPEC agreements. A spokesman for the government owned Kuwaiti Oil company said production is currently running at normal capacity. Kuwait has recently closed down two oil fields, both located in the north of the country, saying the measure was intended to safeguard workers at these facilities. The northern half of the country has been closed off to civilians and is being used as a staging area for U.S. and British troops. It is also feared to be well within range of Iraqi artillery. In 1991, the retreating Iraqi army sabotaged and destroyed Kuwaiti oil fields, storage tanks and shipping terminals. The Burgan field was very badly damaged. Fires raged for nine months before being brought under control. Only at the end of 1994 was production at Burgan back to full capacity. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/c514f418602fe2fc2d9b2576799cfb41 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
https://wn.com/A_Look_At_Current_Kuwaiti_Oil_Production,_Fields
Oil Production

Oil Production

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  • Duration: 2:15
  • Updated: 08 May 2017
  • views: 714
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https://wn.com/Oil_Production
U.S. headed for new oil production record in 2018?

U.S. headed for new oil production record in 2018?

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  • Duration: 5:53
  • Updated: 16 Dec 2016
  • views: 2329
videos
OPIS Chief Oil Analyst Tom Kloza on the outlook for oil prices and its impact on the airline industry.
https://wn.com/U.S._Headed_For_New_Oil_Production_Record_In_2018
Counting the Cost - Why is OPEC refusing to cut oil production?

Counting the Cost - Why is OPEC refusing to cut oil production?

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  • Duration: 25:01
  • Updated: 13 Dec 2015
  • views: 109501
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Despite plummeting oil prices and a glut in global supplies, members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), have decided to increase oil production levels despite growing disagreement among members over the strategy. OPEC, which provides a third of global oil, recently decided to increase its collective output to 31.5 million barrels per day, despite crude oil prices dropping to a seven-year-low, now hovering around $40 a barrel. Made up of Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela; the oil cartel has been supplying an already over-supplied market with cheap oil - with all of its members now feeling the pinch. But countries such as Venezuela have been the hardest hit. With 95 percent of its income from oil, Venezuela is witnessing its worst recession since the 1940s, and the economy is expected to shrink by 10 percent this year. Venezuela wants OPEC to change its policy but influential players like Saudi Arabia are insisting on keeping production levels high, because they don't want to lose customers to non-OPEC producers like the United States. US oil and shale gas production has been expanding in recent years, and with reduced domestic fuel demand - this could lead to less reliance on crude imports and a lifting its oil export ban. Kim Zietlow, an economist at Humboldt University in Berlin, joins Counting the Cost to discuss OPEC's refusal to cut oil production and what this means for the future of the oil cartel. Iran's return to the big stage Iran is about to re-enter the world of oil markets after years of sanctions and isolation. With the world's fourth-largest crude oil reserves and the second-largest reserves of natural gas, the Islamic Republic was pumping around 4.5 million barrels of oil a day ten years ago before international sanctions brought that right down to 2.8 million barrels. When sanctions are lifted however, that could rise by a million barrels a day, depending on whether international companies decide to return and invest there. Azadeh Meskarian, a solicitor with the Iran Department at Zaiwalla & Co, joins the programme to discuss Iran's return and the effects it will have on the oil market. - Subscribe to our channel: http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check out our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
https://wn.com/Counting_The_Cost_Why_Is_Opec_Refusing_To_Cut_Oil_Production
Oil Production in Saudi Arabia is Near an All-Time High

Oil Production in Saudi Arabia is Near an All-Time High

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  • Duration: 1:39
  • Updated: 24 Mar 2015
  • views: 8974
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Oil prices have been bouncing around all morning. Saudi Arabia says its oil production is near an all time high of around 10 million barrels of crude oil per day. Also, factory activity in China is slowing, which is also impacting oil prices. Whiting Petroleum says it will offer 35 million shares as well as 1.75 billion in convertible senior notes. Earlier this month, Whiting was reportedly seeking a buyer but the stock and note sale cast doubt on whether the oil and gas provider can find a buyer for the company. FDA has approved Abiomed's blood pump device, which will be used during heart procedures. Subscribe to TheStreetTV on YouTube: http://t.st/TheStreetTV For more content from TheStreet visit: http://thestreet.com Check out all our videos: http://youtube.com/user/TheStreetTV Follow TheStreet on Twitter: http://twitter.com/thestreet Like TheStreet on Facebook: http://facebook.com/TheStreet Follow TheStreet on LinkedIn: http://linkedin.com/company/theStreet Follow TheStreet on Google+: http://plus.google.com/+TheStreet
https://wn.com/Oil_Production_In_Saudi_Arabia_Is_Near_An_All_Time_High
√ Petroleum Refining - Crude Oil - Production of Materials - Petrochemical - HSC Chemistry

√ Petroleum Refining - Crude Oil - Production of Materials - Petrochemical - HSC Chemistry

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  • Duration: 19:28
  • Updated: 20 Sep 2013
  • views: 31940
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https://www.iitutor.com Fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas are important sources of energy for industrialised countries. These fuels, which are mixtures of hydrocarbons, are burned in air or oxygen to release energy. However fossil fuels, particularly petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas, have another important use. They are an invaluable source of raw materials for the petrochemical industry. About 95% of all synthetic carbon compounds, including plastics, resins and solvents, are derived from compounds produced from petroleum and natural gas. Petroleum (crude oil) is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons consisting mainly of alkanes and cycloalkanes with smaller quantities of unsaturated hydrocarbons including alkenes. Regardless of whether the petroleum is used for fuels or as raw material (feedstock) for the petrochemical industry, it must first be refined. Crude oil can be separated into various fractions by the process called fractional distillation. Separation into fractions is based on differences in boiling points of the hydrocarbon components. The crude oil is vaporised and the vapour mixture rises up the fractionating column. The short-chain hydrocarbons have lower boiling points and rise higher in the column before condensing. The long-chain hydrocarbons condense in the lower parts of the column. The liquid fractions are removed at various levels. The residue consists of long-chained bituminous solids that are periodically removed from the base. The nature and composition of the fractions varies somewhat between refineries. CD2111 http://youtu.be/In3Slgka8gc
https://wn.com/√_Petroleum_Refining_Crude_Oil_Production_Of_Materials_Petrochemical_Hsc_Chemistry
ONGC : Oil and Natural Gas Commission of India

ONGC : Oil and Natural Gas Commission of India

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  • Duration: 7:55
  • Updated: 03 Jun 2016
  • views: 45210
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Since its inception, ONGC has been instrumental in transforming the country's limited upstream sector into a large viable playing field, with its activities spread throughout India and significantly in overseas territories. In the inland areas, ONGC not only found new resources in Assam but also established new oil province in Cambay basin (Gujarat), while adding new petroliferous areas in the Assam-Arakan Fold Belt and East coast basins (both inland and offshore). ONGC went offshore in early 70's and discovered a giant oil field in the form of Bombay High, now known as Mumbai High. This discovery, along with subsequent discoveries of huge oil and gas fields in Western offshore changed the oil scenario of the country. Subsequently, over 5 billion tonnes of hydrocarbons, which were present in the country, were discovered. The most important contribution of ONGC, however, is its self-reliance and development of core competence in E&P activities at a globally competitive level. Today, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC) is, the leader in Exploration & Production (E&P) activities in India contributing 72 per cent to India’s total production of crude oil and 48 per cent of natural gas. ONGC’s quest for energy goes deeper than setting new benchmarks in deep-water drilling in the Krishna Godavari Basin or finding new frontiers of energy. Global decline in crude prices notwithstanding, we have taken significant investment decisions diligently and aggressively, reversing the production trend in offshore. And now we are venturing into deeper offshore plays in our quest for energy security. It is this journey that has placed us among FortuneWorld’s Most Admired Companies” and ranked us 3rd in the E&P industry globally on the Platts Top 250 Rankings 2014. This footage is part of the professionally-shot broadcast stock footage archive of Wilderness Films India Ltd., the largest collection of HD imagery from South Asia. The collection comprises of 150, 000+ hours of high quality broadcast imagery, mostly shot on HDCAM / SR 1080i High Definition, Alexa, SR, XDCAM and 4K. Write to us for licensing this footage on a broadcast format, for use in your production! We are happy to be commissioned to film for you or else provide you with broadcast crewing and production solutions across South Asia. We pride ourselves in bringing the best of India and South Asia to the world... Please subscribe to our channel wildfilmsindia on Youtube for a steady stream of videos from across India. Also, visit and enjoy your journey across India at www.clipahoy.com , India's first video-based social networking experience! Reach us at rupindang [at] gmail [dot] com and admin@wildfilmsindia.com To SUBSCRIBE click the below link: www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=WildFilmsIndia Like & Follow Us on: Facebook: www.facebook.com/WildernessFilmsIndiaLimited Website: www.wildfilmsindia.com
https://wn.com/Ongc_Oil_And_Natural_Gas_Commission_Of_India
Oil Pipeline Attacks: Nigeria's Crude Oil Production Drops

Oil Pipeline Attacks: Nigeria's Crude Oil Production Drops

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  • Duration: 3:35
  • Updated: 23 May 2016
  • views: 1468
videos
For more information log on to http://www.channelstv.com
https://wn.com/Oil_Pipeline_Attacks_Nigeria's_Crude_Oil_Production_Drops
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