• How Its Made - Crude Oil

    Video mengenai proses pengolahan minyak, mulai dari sumur minyak, pengeboran, pengilangan, sampai jadi minyak siap pakai. Video dibuat oleh Discovery.

    published: 27 Jun 2014
  • Crude Oil Extraction

    Most commonly, geologists apply seismology for oil location. In this method, shock waves are created that pass through rock layers and are then reflected back to the surface where they are measured using the seismic equipment. In some ways, this is similar to the way sonar maps surface structures. The basic premise of the seismological technique is that the numbers of sound waves reflected and the speed at which they travel are affected by the density of rock layers through which they must pass. Oil deposits will reflect sound waves differently than solid rock.

    published: 04 Jul 2016
  • The production of crude oil - Black gold

    It's hard to imagine a world in which oil doesn't play such a central role in global economics, with just about every industry critically dependent upon it and countries willing to wage war over this black gold. But things could so easily have turned out differently. While people may have been burning oil and using it as a lubricant for thousands of years, it was not until the motor industry took off about 80 years ago that oil started to become such a key player. Henry Ford's Model T, the first production-line car, was actually designed to run off alcohol-based ethanol, as well as oil-derived petrol. But thanks to the prohibition of alcohol in the US, petrol fuels prevailed. In its raw form, oil consists of a black, viscous fluid made up of high concentrations of organic compounds origin...

    published: 12 Dec 2016
  • How petroleum exploration and refining process

    This video explain how crude oil was explored, explain the drilling process, transporting crude oil to refinery,distillation process till final product petrol obtained...

    published: 28 Sep 2011
  • Learn Oil and Gas with Animations

    - Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips - Oil and gas are generated from a source rock, organic matter buried in the depths of the earth. Once formed, they climb back towards the surface. On their way, cap rocks can impede their progress and they accumulate in reservoir rocks. Here they constitute hydrocarbon fields, which can be identified by interpreting seismic data (a sort of echography). The data is obtained with the help of a seismic ship. To confirm the interpretations of seismic data, two types of drilling gear exist. Each is adapted to a range of depth of water (down to more than 2500 meters). The platform seen here is a semi-submersible, which floats and retains its stabilised position by means of anchors fixed on the seabed. Platforms at sea are used not only f...

    published: 06 Mar 2014
  • The Largest Oil Rig in The World

    Perdido is the deepest floating oil rig (platform) in the world at a water depth of about 2450 meters operated by the Shell Oil Company in the Gulf of Mexico. The Perdido is located in the Perdido fold belt which is a rich discovery of crude oil and natural gas that lies in water that is nearly 8000 feet deep. The platform's peak production will be 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day. At 267 meters, the Perdido is nearly as tall as the Eiffel Tower. An oil rig is a large structure with facilities to drill wells, to extract and process oil and natural gas, and to temporarily store product until it can be brought to shore for refining and marketing. In many cases, the platform contains facilities to house the workforce as well.

    published: 26 Nov 2013
  • How Oil And Gas Is Extracted From Shale

    A video explaining how oil and gas is extracted from shale.

    published: 07 Dec 2015
  • Crude: The Incredible Journey Of Oil

    It has taken between 50-300 million years to form, and yet we have managed to burn roughly half of all global oil reserves in merely 125 years or so. The world now consumes 85 million barrels of oil per day, or 40,000 gallons per second, and demand is growing exponentially. Oil production in 33 out of 48 out countries has now peaked, including Kuwait, Russia and Mexico. Global oil production is now also approaching an all time peak and can potentially end our Industrial Civilization. The most distinguished and prominent geologists, oil industry experts, energy analysts and organizations all agree that big trouble is brewing. The world is not running out of oil itself, but rather its ability to produce high-quality cheap and economically extractable oil on demand. After more than fifty...

    published: 19 Jan 2015
  • U.S. headed for new oil production record in 2018?

    OPIS Chief Oil Analyst Tom Kloza on the outlook for oil prices and its impact on the airline industry.

    published: 16 Dec 2016
  • How Oil and Gas wells are drilled?

    Geologists use seismic surveys to search for geological structures that may form oil reservoirs. The "classic" method includes making an underground explosion nearby and observing the seismic response that provides information about the geological structures under the ground. However, "passive" methods that extract information from naturally-occurring seismic waves are also known. The oil well is created by drilling a long hole into the earth with an oil rig. A steel pipe (casing) is placed in the hole, to provide structural integrity to the newly drilled well bore. Holes are then made in the base of the well to enable oil to pass into the bore.Finally a collection of valves called a "Christmas Tree" is fitted to the top, the valves regulate pressures and control flow. During the primary...

    published: 24 Oct 2014
  • Crude Oil Distillation

    http://www.cteskills.com Crude oil is processed into more useful petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel. In this video, learn the theory and process behind how crude oil distilation works. Crude Oil Distillation, Distillation, oil, gasoline, diesle, diesel, jet fuel, production, refinery, oil production, petroleum, pumps, valves, compressors, cooling towers,

    published: 06 Feb 2013
  • Oil and Gas Formation

    A fast paced explanation of how many oil and gas deposits form and how we explore for them.

    published: 05 Sep 2014
  • How to Make Petrol or Gas from Crude Oil.

    The video shows how crude oil is mined and how petrol, gas, jet fuel, etc., are 'refined' from it. The scenes take place in Texas, USA.

    published: 14 Dec 2010
  • Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World

    Top 10 Oil Producing Countries In The World: Where’s The Greatest Petroleum Dominion? Despite the advent of the green economy, oil remains a valuable commodity capable of creating fortunes (and using them to purchase Premier League clubs or World Cups). With China recently surpassing the US in oil imports, the situation seems unlikely to change any time soon. While the future situation is sure to change as extraction technology improves and old wells go dry, let’s take a look at the current top dogs in petroleum production. With just over 90 million barrels per day of total production, the top ten producers are responsible for over 60% of the barrels flowing each day. For this list, we’re focusing solely on crude oil extraction, leaving aside natural gas and biofuel production–two fuel s...

    published: 01 Mar 2016
  • Counting the Cost - Why is OPEC refusing to cut oil production?

    Despite plummeting oil prices and a glut in global supplies, members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), have decided to increase oil production levels despite growing disagreement among members over the strategy. OPEC, which provides a third of global oil, recently decided to increase its collective output to 31.5 million barrels per day, despite crude oil prices dropping to a seven-year-low, now hovering around $40 a barrel. Made up of Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela; the oil cartel has been supplying an already over-supplied market with cheap oil - with all of its members now feeling the pinch. But countries such as Venezuela have been the hardest hit. Wit...

    published: 13 Dec 2015
  • Oil Production

    published: 08 May 2017
  • What Is Crude Oil?

    The petroleum we pump out of the ground turns into a range of useful things: fuel for all forms of transportation, a key ingredient in plastics, and more. Alexis Madrigal, The Atlantic's senior technology editor, takes a look at the chemistry of crude oil in the two-minute video above, explaining the process of distilling one barrel, gallon by gallon. Animated by Lindsey Testolin, this clip is part of a six-part video series in The User's Guide to Energy special report. Alexis Madrigal: http://www.theatlantic.com/alexis-madrigal/ Lindsey Testolin: http://www.lindseytestolin.com/ Story: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/08/whats-in-crude-oil-and-how-do-we-use-it/278645/ Atlantic Video: http://www.theatlantic.com/video

    published: 14 Aug 2013
  • The first crude oil production project in the Russian Arctic

    published: 31 Jul 2014
  • √ Petroleum Refining - Crude Oil - Production of Materials - Petrochemical - HSC Chemistry

    https://www.iitutor.com Fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas are important sources of energy for industrialised countries. These fuels, which are mixtures of hydrocarbons, are burned in air or oxygen to release energy. However fossil fuels, particularly petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas, have another important use. They are an invaluable source of raw materials for the petrochemical industry. About 95% of all synthetic carbon compounds, including plastics, resins and solvents, are derived from compounds produced from petroleum and natural gas. Petroleum (crude oil) is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons consisting mainly of alkanes and cycloalkanes with smaller quantities of unsaturated hydrocarbons including alkenes. Regardless of whether the petroleum is used for fuel...

    published: 20 Sep 2013
  • Oil Production in Saudi Arabia is Near an All-Time High

    Oil prices have been bouncing around all morning. Saudi Arabia says its oil production is near an all time high of around 10 million barrels of crude oil per day. Also, factory activity in China is slowing, which is also impacting oil prices. Whiting Petroleum says it will offer 35 million shares as well as 1.75 billion in convertible senior notes. Earlier this month, Whiting was reportedly seeking a buyer but the stock and note sale cast doubt on whether the oil and gas provider can find a buyer for the company. FDA has approved Abiomed's blood pump device, which will be used during heart procedures. Subscribe to TheStreetTV on YouTube: http://t.st/TheStreetTV For more content from TheStreet visit: http://thestreet.com Check out all our videos: http://youtube.com/user/TheStreetTV Foll...

    published: 24 Mar 2015
  • Crude Oil Distillation Process Part 1

    An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Oil refineries are typically large sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units. In many ways, oil refineries use much of the technology of, and can be thought of as types of chemical plants. The crude oil feedstock has typically been processed by an oil production plant. There is usually an oil depot (tank farm) at or near an oil refinery for storage of bulk liquid products.

    published: 16 Aug 2010
  • Heavy crude oil

    Heavy crude oil or extra heavy crude oil is oil that is highly viscous, and cannot easily flow to production wells under normal reservoir conditions.(Mai) It is referred to as "heavy" because its density or specific gravity is higher than that of light crude oil. Heavy crude oil has been defined as any liquid petroleum with an API gravity less than 20°.(Dusseault 2001) Physical properties that differ between heavy crude oils and lighter grades include higher viscosity and specific gravity, as well as heavier molecular composition. In 2010, the World Energy Council defined extra heavy oil as crude oil having a gravity of less than 10° and a reservoir viscosity of no more than 10 000 centipoises. When reservoir viscosity measurements are not available, extra-heavy oil is considered by the WE...

    published: 23 Nov 2015
  • Top 10 Highest Oil Producing Countries in the World 2017

    Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World 2017 This is a list of countries by oil production, as compiled from the U.S. Energy Information Administration database for calendar year 2016, tabulating all countries on a comparable best-estimate basis. Compared with shorter-term data, the full-year figures are less prone to distortion from periodic maintenance shutdowns and other seasonal cycles. The volumes in the table represent crude oil and lease condensate, the hydrocarbon liquids collected at or near the wellhead. The volumes in the table do not include biofuel. They also do not include the increase in liquid volumes during oil refining ("refinery gain"), or liquids separated from natural gas in gas processing plants (natural gas liquids).[1] Under this definition, total world oil pro...

    published: 15 Jul 2017
  • Production of Oil

    http://www.EnergyTomorrow.org See how the oil and natural gas industry uses technology to extract oil from harsh environments to provide America with the energy it needs. Visit http://www.EnergyTomorrow.org to learn more.

    published: 04 Nov 2008
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How Its Made - Crude Oil

How Its Made - Crude Oil

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:55
  • Updated: 27 Jun 2014
  • views: 47251
videos
Video mengenai proses pengolahan minyak, mulai dari sumur minyak, pengeboran, pengilangan, sampai jadi minyak siap pakai. Video dibuat oleh Discovery.
https://wn.com/How_Its_Made_Crude_Oil
Crude Oil Extraction

Crude Oil Extraction

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:24
  • Updated: 04 Jul 2016
  • views: 4303
videos
Most commonly, geologists apply seismology for oil location. In this method, shock waves are created that pass through rock layers and are then reflected back to the surface where they are measured using the seismic equipment. In some ways, this is similar to the way sonar maps surface structures. The basic premise of the seismological technique is that the numbers of sound waves reflected and the speed at which they travel are affected by the density of rock layers through which they must pass. Oil deposits will reflect sound waves differently than solid rock.
https://wn.com/Crude_Oil_Extraction
The production of crude oil - Black gold

The production of crude oil - Black gold

  • Order:
  • Duration: 43:55
  • Updated: 12 Dec 2016
  • views: 460
videos
It's hard to imagine a world in which oil doesn't play such a central role in global economics, with just about every industry critically dependent upon it and countries willing to wage war over this black gold. But things could so easily have turned out differently. While people may have been burning oil and using it as a lubricant for thousands of years, it was not until the motor industry took off about 80 years ago that oil started to become such a key player. Henry Ford's Model T, the first production-line car, was actually designed to run off alcohol-based ethanol, as well as oil-derived petrol. But thanks to the prohibition of alcohol in the US, petrol fuels prevailed. In its raw form, oil consists of a black, viscous fluid made up of high concentrations of organic compounds originally derived from dead animal and vegetable matter, such as plankton, which have endured extreme geological processes over millions of years. When refined into hydrocarbon fuels, chains of carbon and hydrogen molecules, it becomes a useful fuel because it has such a high energy density, typically 10 times that of dynamite. Part of our dependence on oil is due to the fact that a vast range of chemicals and materials are derived from it, including plastics, detergents, solvents and adhesives. However, many of these products could be manufactured synthetically. Where our real addiction to oil lies is in its use as a liquid fuel. There are plenty of other cleaner and more sustainable energy sources that could be used to power and heat our homes. But when it comes to transport, alternatives start to get tricky. This does not just come down to the high energy density of oil-derived fuels - after all, hydrogen fuel has an energy density roughly three times that of petrol. The problem is that we already have a multibillion-dollar infrastructure designed to produce, distribute and burn petrol. Where does oil come from? Despite the popular conception that oil exists in vast underground caverns, or wells, oil is in fact formed in porous, sponge-like rock formations. Before a well is tapped, the oil exists under immense pressure, meaning that when it is first drilled it forces itself out - essentially self-extracting. However, when the pressure eventually dips, the porous nature of the rock starts to play havoc with the extraction process, making a large proportion of the oil difficult to get out, or even gauge how much oil is in the well. In fact, even after using the most advanced extraction techniques, such as blasting high-pressure steam into the rock to force the oil out, no more than 40% of the oil is currently thought to be recoverable. With all the biggest known oil wells now thoroughly tapped, this poses a problem for the oil industry if it is to maintain oil recovery rates that can meet our still-growing demand. In light of this, the US is pumping tens of millions of dollars into research to find new ways to find and extract whatever oil is still out there. One idea is to pump novel nano-materials into wells to help loosen the oil's grip on the rock so it can more easily be extracted. Similarly, nano-sensors are also being developed that would be distributed into wells and interrogated from above ground to help map wells and find what oil is left. But, inevitably, it will run out. Precisely when is a moot point, but some estimates say we have already reached peak oil production, while others say this won't happen until about 2030. With demand for oil rising by roughly 2% a year, increasing by up to 47% by 2030, it's hard not to assume we are driving into a major energy crisis. Desperate to keep productivity up, the oil industry is investing billions into extracting oil from more energy-intensive and costly sources such as tar sands and oil shales. Meanwhile, governments are investing in biofuel technologies, which make it possible to produce hydrocarbon fuels from feedstocks of crops such as rapeseed or maize. However, biofuels, although more sustainable than oil, are energy, land and water-intensive and carry a cost in terms of agricultural chemical pollution, and there is concern that it uses valuable land needed for producing food. One solution, now being explored, is the use of solar energy to reverse the combustion process and produce hydrocarbon fuels from carbon dioxide sucked out of the atmosphere. . Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7eMdkXyqdVqwq8NG_uH5eA?sub_confirmation=1
https://wn.com/The_Production_Of_Crude_Oil_Black_Gold
How petroleum exploration and refining process

How petroleum exploration and refining process

  • Order:
  • Duration: 8:49
  • Updated: 28 Sep 2011
  • views: 662162
videos
This video explain how crude oil was explored, explain the drilling process, transporting crude oil to refinery,distillation process till final product petrol obtained...
https://wn.com/How_Petroleum_Exploration_And_Refining_Process
Learn Oil and Gas with Animations

Learn Oil and Gas with Animations

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:33
  • Updated: 06 Mar 2014
  • views: 316944
videos
- Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips - Oil and gas are generated from a source rock, organic matter buried in the depths of the earth. Once formed, they climb back towards the surface. On their way, cap rocks can impede their progress and they accumulate in reservoir rocks. Here they constitute hydrocarbon fields, which can be identified by interpreting seismic data (a sort of echography). The data is obtained with the help of a seismic ship. To confirm the interpretations of seismic data, two types of drilling gear exist. Each is adapted to a range of depth of water (down to more than 2500 meters). The platform seen here is a semi-submersible, which floats and retains its stabilised position by means of anchors fixed on the seabed. Platforms at sea are used not only for drilling but also for the production of hydrocarbons. This production consists of the separation of oil, gas and water, before the oil and gas is taken by pipeline towards a mainland terminal. Where it is impossible or too expensive to link the field to the coast by a pipeline, an FPSO ship is used (Floating Production Storage and Offloading barge). Onboard, the hydrocarbons and the water are separated. The oil is stored prior to being loaded on tankers and the gas is re-injected into the reservoir rocks. Gas from a field is taken to land through an underground gasoduct to a processing plant. There, if the gas is to be transported by sea, it is converted into liquid obtained by cooling it down to --163°C. When it arrives at the plant terminal, the liquid natural gas (LNG) is returned to its gaseous state in a re-gasification plant, before being introduced into the local gasoduct network. The LNG is stored in tanks before re-gasification. The crude oil is transported in a petroleum tanker, the capacity of which can attain 200 000 tons. It is commonly called a "super- tanker". The terminals capable of receiving such giants are few and far between. The ships used to transport the crude oil produced on an FPSO ship are of a much smaller capacity. The crude oil, before being refined, is stored in the port in the large capacity tanks. The natural gas is preserved in reservoirs (artificial or natural). It is ready to be injected by pumping into the gasoduct network for industrial and domestic use or as fuel in power-generating stations. As far as the crude oil goes, it is transported by oleoduct to the refinery. There it undergoes a number of transformations and blending. A variety of finished products are obtained (LPG, petrol, kerosene, diesel ...), or naphtha, which will be used as the basis for the composition of plastic products by complex petroleum chemistry. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips Twitter: https://twitter.com/oilvips And Don't forget to subscribe to our channel
https://wn.com/Learn_Oil_And_Gas_With_Animations
The Largest Oil Rig in The World

The Largest Oil Rig in The World

  • Order:
  • Duration: 19:43
  • Updated: 26 Nov 2013
  • views: 5056172
videos
Perdido is the deepest floating oil rig (platform) in the world at a water depth of about 2450 meters operated by the Shell Oil Company in the Gulf of Mexico. The Perdido is located in the Perdido fold belt which is a rich discovery of crude oil and natural gas that lies in water that is nearly 8000 feet deep. The platform's peak production will be 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day. At 267 meters, the Perdido is nearly as tall as the Eiffel Tower. An oil rig is a large structure with facilities to drill wells, to extract and process oil and natural gas, and to temporarily store product until it can be brought to shore for refining and marketing. In many cases, the platform contains facilities to house the workforce as well.
https://wn.com/The_Largest_Oil_Rig_In_The_World
How Oil And Gas Is Extracted From Shale

How Oil And Gas Is Extracted From Shale

  • Order:
  • Duration: 6:37
  • Updated: 07 Dec 2015
  • views: 419050
videos
A video explaining how oil and gas is extracted from shale.
https://wn.com/How_Oil_And_Gas_Is_Extracted_From_Shale
Crude: The Incredible Journey Of Oil

Crude: The Incredible Journey Of Oil

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  • Duration: 1:29:20
  • Updated: 19 Jan 2015
  • views: 97676
videos
It has taken between 50-300 million years to form, and yet we have managed to burn roughly half of all global oil reserves in merely 125 years or so. The world now consumes 85 million barrels of oil per day, or 40,000 gallons per second, and demand is growing exponentially. Oil production in 33 out of 48 out countries has now peaked, including Kuwait, Russia and Mexico. Global oil production is now also approaching an all time peak and can potentially end our Industrial Civilization. The most distinguished and prominent geologists, oil industry experts, energy analysts and organizations all agree that big trouble is brewing. The world is not running out of oil itself, but rather its ability to produce high-quality cheap and economically extractable oil on demand. After more than fifty years of research and analysis on the subject by the most widely respected & rational scientists, it is now clear that the rate at which world oil producers can extract oil is reaching the maximum level possible. This is what is meant by Peak Oil. With great effort and expenditure, the current level of oil production can possibly be maintained for a few more years, but beyond that oil production must begin a permanent & irreversible decline. The Stone Age did not end because of the lack of stones, and the Oil Age won't end because of lack of oil. The issue is lack of further growth, followed by gradual, then steep decline. Dr King Hubbert correctly predicted peaking of USA oil production in the 1970's on this basis. It is now widely acknowledged by the world's leading petroleum geologists that more than 95 percent of all recoverable oil has now been found. We therefore know, within a reasonable degree of certainty, the total amount of oil available to us. Any oil well has roughly the same life cycle where the production rate peaks before it goes into terminal decline. This happens when about half of the oil has been recovered from the well. We have consumed approximately half of the world’s total reserve of about 2.5 trillion barrels of conventional oil in the ground when we started drilling the first well at a current rate of over 30 billion a year, meaning the world is nearing its production plateau. Worldwide discovery of oil peaked in 1964 and has followed a steady decline since. According to industry consultants IHS Energy, 90% of all known reserves are now in production, suggesting that few major discoveries remain to be made. There have been no significant discoveries of new oil since 2002. In 2001 there were 8 large scale discoveries, and in 2002 there were 3 such discoveries. In 2003 there were no large scale discoveries of oil. Given geologists' sophisticated understanding of the characteristics that would indicate a major oil find, is is highly unlikely that any area large enough to be significant has eluded attention and no amount or kind of technology will alter that. Since 1981 we have consumed oil faster than we have found it, and the gap continues to widen. Developing an area such as the Artic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska has a ten year lead time and would ultimately produce well under 1% of what the world currently consumes (IEA).
https://wn.com/Crude_The_Incredible_Journey_Of_Oil
U.S. headed for new oil production record in 2018?

U.S. headed for new oil production record in 2018?

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:53
  • Updated: 16 Dec 2016
  • views: 2954
videos
OPIS Chief Oil Analyst Tom Kloza on the outlook for oil prices and its impact on the airline industry.
https://wn.com/U.S._Headed_For_New_Oil_Production_Record_In_2018
How Oil and Gas wells are drilled?

How Oil and Gas wells are drilled?

  • Order:
  • Duration: 19:38
  • Updated: 24 Oct 2014
  • views: 415428
videos
Geologists use seismic surveys to search for geological structures that may form oil reservoirs. The "classic" method includes making an underground explosion nearby and observing the seismic response that provides information about the geological structures under the ground. However, "passive" methods that extract information from naturally-occurring seismic waves are also known. The oil well is created by drilling a long hole into the earth with an oil rig. A steel pipe (casing) is placed in the hole, to provide structural integrity to the newly drilled well bore. Holes are then made in the base of the well to enable oil to pass into the bore.Finally a collection of valves called a "Christmas Tree" is fitted to the top, the valves regulate pressures and control flow. During the primary recovery stage, reservoir drive comes from a number of natural mechanisms. These include: natural water displacing oil downward into the well, expansion of the natural gas at the top of the reservoir, expansion of gas initially dissolved in the crude oil, and gravity drainage resulting from the movement of oil within the reservoir from the upper to the lower parts where the wells are located. Recovery factor during the primary recovery stage is typically 5-15%. While the underground pressure in the oil reservoir is sufficient to force the oil to the surface, all that is necessary is to place a complex arrangement of valves (the Christmas tree) on the well head to connect the well to a pipeline network for storage and processing. Sometimes pumps, such as beam pumps and electrical submersible pumps (ESPs), are used to bring the oil to the surface; these are known as artificial lift mechanisms. Over the lifetime of the well the pressure will fall, and at some point there will be insufficient underground pressure to force the oil to the surface. After natural reservoir drive diminishes, secondary recovery methods are applied. They rely on the supply of external energy into the reservoir in the form of injecting fluids to increase reservoir pressure, hence replacing or increasing the natural reservoir drive with an artificial drive. Secondary recovery techniques increase the reservoir's pressure by water injection, natural gas reinjection and gas lift, which injects air, carbon dioxide or some other gas into the bottom of an active well, reducing the overall density of fluid in the wellbore. Typical recovery factor from water-flood operations is about 30%, depending on the properties of oil and the characteristics of the reservoir rock. On average, the recovery factor after primary and secondary oil recovery operations is between 35 and 45%. The amount of oil that is recoverable is determined by a number of factors including the permeability of the rocks, the strength of natural drives (the gas present, pressure from adjacent water or gravity), and the viscosity of the oil. When the reservoir rocks are "tight" such as shale, oil generally cannot flow through but when they are permeable such as in sandstone, oil flows freely. The flow of oil is often helped by natural pressures surrounding the reservoir rocks including natural gas that may be dissolved in the oil (Gas oil ratio), natural gas present above the oil, water below the oil and the strength of gravity. Oils tend to span a large range of viscosity from liquids as light as gasoline to heavy as tar. The lightest forms tend to result in higher extraction rates. Petroleum engineering is the discipline responsible for evaluating which well locations and recovery mechanisms are appropriate for a reservoir and for estimating recovery rates and oil reserves prior to actual extraction.
https://wn.com/How_Oil_And_Gas_Wells_Are_Drilled
Crude Oil Distillation

Crude Oil Distillation

  • Order:
  • Duration: 20:18
  • Updated: 06 Feb 2013
  • views: 282811
videos
http://www.cteskills.com Crude oil is processed into more useful petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel. In this video, learn the theory and process behind how crude oil distilation works. Crude Oil Distillation, Distillation, oil, gasoline, diesle, diesel, jet fuel, production, refinery, oil production, petroleum, pumps, valves, compressors, cooling towers,
https://wn.com/Crude_Oil_Distillation
Oil and Gas Formation

Oil and Gas Formation

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:05
  • Updated: 05 Sep 2014
  • views: 418367
videos
A fast paced explanation of how many oil and gas deposits form and how we explore for them.
https://wn.com/Oil_And_Gas_Formation
How to Make Petrol or Gas from Crude Oil.

How to Make Petrol or Gas from Crude Oil.

  • Order:
  • Duration: 13:50
  • Updated: 14 Dec 2010
  • views: 833269
videos
The video shows how crude oil is mined and how petrol, gas, jet fuel, etc., are 'refined' from it. The scenes take place in Texas, USA.
https://wn.com/How_To_Make_Petrol_Or_Gas_From_Crude_Oil.
Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World

Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World

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  • Duration: 1:49
  • Updated: 01 Mar 2016
  • views: 11555
videos
Top 10 Oil Producing Countries In The World: Where’s The Greatest Petroleum Dominion? Despite the advent of the green economy, oil remains a valuable commodity capable of creating fortunes (and using them to purchase Premier League clubs or World Cups). With China recently surpassing the US in oil imports, the situation seems unlikely to change any time soon. While the future situation is sure to change as extraction technology improves and old wells go dry, let’s take a look at the current top dogs in petroleum production. With just over 90 million barrels per day of total production, the top ten producers are responsible for over 60% of the barrels flowing each day. For this list, we’re focusing solely on crude oil extraction, leaving aside natural gas and biofuel production–two fuel sources of which the US is a worldwide leader. 1º Saudi Arabia – 11.75 million barrels per day 2º United States – 10.59 million barrels per day 3º Russia10.3 million barrels per day 4º China – 4.19 million barrels per day 5º Iran – 4.13 million barrels per day 6º Canada – 3.92 million barrels per day 7º United Arab Emirates – 3.23 million barrels per day 8º Mexico – 2.95 million barrels per day 9º Brazil – 2.8 million barrels per day 10º Kuwait – 2.75 million barrels per day Our Facebook page: http://on.fb.me/1jMoFBq
https://wn.com/Top_10_Oil_Producing_Countries_In_The_World
Counting the Cost - Why is OPEC refusing to cut oil production?

Counting the Cost - Why is OPEC refusing to cut oil production?

  • Order:
  • Duration: 25:01
  • Updated: 13 Dec 2015
  • views: 110310
videos
Despite plummeting oil prices and a glut in global supplies, members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), have decided to increase oil production levels despite growing disagreement among members over the strategy. OPEC, which provides a third of global oil, recently decided to increase its collective output to 31.5 million barrels per day, despite crude oil prices dropping to a seven-year-low, now hovering around $40 a barrel. Made up of Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela; the oil cartel has been supplying an already over-supplied market with cheap oil - with all of its members now feeling the pinch. But countries such as Venezuela have been the hardest hit. With 95 percent of its income from oil, Venezuela is witnessing its worst recession since the 1940s, and the economy is expected to shrink by 10 percent this year. Venezuela wants OPEC to change its policy but influential players like Saudi Arabia are insisting on keeping production levels high, because they don't want to lose customers to non-OPEC producers like the United States. US oil and shale gas production has been expanding in recent years, and with reduced domestic fuel demand - this could lead to less reliance on crude imports and a lifting its oil export ban. Kim Zietlow, an economist at Humboldt University in Berlin, joins Counting the Cost to discuss OPEC's refusal to cut oil production and what this means for the future of the oil cartel. Iran's return to the big stage Iran is about to re-enter the world of oil markets after years of sanctions and isolation. With the world's fourth-largest crude oil reserves and the second-largest reserves of natural gas, the Islamic Republic was pumping around 4.5 million barrels of oil a day ten years ago before international sanctions brought that right down to 2.8 million barrels. When sanctions are lifted however, that could rise by a million barrels a day, depending on whether international companies decide to return and invest there. Azadeh Meskarian, a solicitor with the Iran Department at Zaiwalla & Co, joins the programme to discuss Iran's return and the effects it will have on the oil market. - Subscribe to our channel: http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check out our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
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Oil Production

Oil Production

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  • Duration: 2:15
  • Updated: 08 May 2017
  • views: 1619
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What Is Crude Oil?

What Is Crude Oil?

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  • Duration: 1:57
  • Updated: 14 Aug 2013
  • views: 62820
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The petroleum we pump out of the ground turns into a range of useful things: fuel for all forms of transportation, a key ingredient in plastics, and more. Alexis Madrigal, The Atlantic's senior technology editor, takes a look at the chemistry of crude oil in the two-minute video above, explaining the process of distilling one barrel, gallon by gallon. Animated by Lindsey Testolin, this clip is part of a six-part video series in The User's Guide to Energy special report. Alexis Madrigal: http://www.theatlantic.com/alexis-madrigal/ Lindsey Testolin: http://www.lindseytestolin.com/ Story: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/08/whats-in-crude-oil-and-how-do-we-use-it/278645/ Atlantic Video: http://www.theatlantic.com/video
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The first crude oil production project in the Russian Arctic

The first crude oil production project in the Russian Arctic

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  • Duration: 2:18
  • Updated: 31 Jul 2014
  • views: 531
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√ Petroleum Refining - Crude Oil - Production of Materials - Petrochemical - HSC Chemistry

√ Petroleum Refining - Crude Oil - Production of Materials - Petrochemical - HSC Chemistry

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  • Duration: 19:28
  • Updated: 20 Sep 2013
  • views: 33560
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https://www.iitutor.com Fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas are important sources of energy for industrialised countries. These fuels, which are mixtures of hydrocarbons, are burned in air or oxygen to release energy. However fossil fuels, particularly petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas, have another important use. They are an invaluable source of raw materials for the petrochemical industry. About 95% of all synthetic carbon compounds, including plastics, resins and solvents, are derived from compounds produced from petroleum and natural gas. Petroleum (crude oil) is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons consisting mainly of alkanes and cycloalkanes with smaller quantities of unsaturated hydrocarbons including alkenes. Regardless of whether the petroleum is used for fuels or as raw material (feedstock) for the petrochemical industry, it must first be refined. Crude oil can be separated into various fractions by the process called fractional distillation. Separation into fractions is based on differences in boiling points of the hydrocarbon components. The crude oil is vaporised and the vapour mixture rises up the fractionating column. The short-chain hydrocarbons have lower boiling points and rise higher in the column before condensing. The long-chain hydrocarbons condense in the lower parts of the column. The liquid fractions are removed at various levels. The residue consists of long-chained bituminous solids that are periodically removed from the base. The nature and composition of the fractions varies somewhat between refineries. CD2111 http://youtu.be/In3Slgka8gc
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Oil Production in Saudi Arabia is Near an All-Time High

Oil Production in Saudi Arabia is Near an All-Time High

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  • Duration: 1:39
  • Updated: 24 Mar 2015
  • views: 10321
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Oil prices have been bouncing around all morning. Saudi Arabia says its oil production is near an all time high of around 10 million barrels of crude oil per day. Also, factory activity in China is slowing, which is also impacting oil prices. Whiting Petroleum says it will offer 35 million shares as well as 1.75 billion in convertible senior notes. Earlier this month, Whiting was reportedly seeking a buyer but the stock and note sale cast doubt on whether the oil and gas provider can find a buyer for the company. FDA has approved Abiomed's blood pump device, which will be used during heart procedures. Subscribe to TheStreetTV on YouTube: http://t.st/TheStreetTV For more content from TheStreet visit: http://thestreet.com Check out all our videos: http://youtube.com/user/TheStreetTV Follow TheStreet on Twitter: http://twitter.com/thestreet Like TheStreet on Facebook: http://facebook.com/TheStreet Follow TheStreet on LinkedIn: http://linkedin.com/company/theStreet Follow TheStreet on Google+: http://plus.google.com/+TheStreet
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Crude Oil Distillation Process Part 1

Crude Oil Distillation Process Part 1

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  • Duration: 10:15
  • Updated: 16 Aug 2010
  • views: 599893
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An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Oil refineries are typically large sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units. In many ways, oil refineries use much of the technology of, and can be thought of as types of chemical plants. The crude oil feedstock has typically been processed by an oil production plant. There is usually an oil depot (tank farm) at or near an oil refinery for storage of bulk liquid products.
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Heavy crude oil

Heavy crude oil

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  • Duration: 11:22
  • Updated: 23 Nov 2015
  • views: 2081
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Heavy crude oil or extra heavy crude oil is oil that is highly viscous, and cannot easily flow to production wells under normal reservoir conditions.(Mai) It is referred to as "heavy" because its density or specific gravity is higher than that of light crude oil. Heavy crude oil has been defined as any liquid petroleum with an API gravity less than 20°.(Dusseault 2001) Physical properties that differ between heavy crude oils and lighter grades include higher viscosity and specific gravity, as well as heavier molecular composition. In 2010, the World Energy Council defined extra heavy oil as crude oil having a gravity of less than 10° and a reservoir viscosity of no more than 10 000 centipoises. When reservoir viscosity measurements are not available, extra-heavy oil is considered by the WEC to have a lower limit of 4° °API.(WEC 2007). They have a "low solubility and are with viscosity lower and density higher than water.(2003 & Llamas 118) "Large spills of DNAPL will quickly penetrate the full depth of the aquifer and accumulate on its bottom."(2008 & Vrba 23) Heavy crude oil is closely related to natural bitumen from oil sands. Petroleum geologists categorize bitumen from oil sands as ‘extra-heavy oil’ due to its density of less than 10° °API. Bitumen is the heaviest, thickest form of petroleum. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, bitumen is further distinguished as extra-heavy oil with a higher viscosity: “Natural bitumen, also called tar sands or oil sands, shares the attributes of heavy oil but is yet more dense and viscous. Natural bitumen is oil having a viscosity greater than 10,000 cP.” “Natural bitumen and heavy oil differ from light oils by their high viscosity at reservoir temperatures, high density, and significant contents of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur compounds and heavy-metal contaminants. They resemble the residuum from the refining of light oil. Most heavy oil is found at the margins of geologic basins and is thought to be the residue of formerly light oil that has lost its light-molecular-weight components through degradation by bacteria, water-washing, and evaporation. Conventional heavy oil and bitumens differ in the degree by which they have been degraded from the original crude oil by bacteria and erosion.(Meyer & 2003 1) Often, bitumen is more viscous than cold molasses and does not flow at ambient conditions. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
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Top 10 Highest Oil Producing Countries in the World 2017

Top 10 Highest Oil Producing Countries in the World 2017

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  • Duration: 4:06
  • Updated: 15 Jul 2017
  • views: 5923
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Top 10 Oil Producing Countries in the World 2017 This is a list of countries by oil production, as compiled from the U.S. Energy Information Administration database for calendar year 2016, tabulating all countries on a comparable best-estimate basis. Compared with shorter-term data, the full-year figures are less prone to distortion from periodic maintenance shutdowns and other seasonal cycles. The volumes in the table represent crude oil and lease condensate, the hydrocarbon liquids collected at or near the wellhead. The volumes in the table do not include biofuel. They also do not include the increase in liquid volumes during oil refining ("refinery gain"), or liquids separated from natural gas in gas processing plants (natural gas liquids).[1] Under this definition, total world oil production in 2016 averaged 80,622,000 barrels per day. Approximately 68% came from the top ten countries, and an overlapping 44% came from the fourteen current OPEC members, highlighted with blue shading in the table below. For many years, the top three producers have been (alphabetically) Russia, Saudi Arabia, and the United States. Each of these countries experienced major production declines at different times in the past, but since 2014 all three have been producing near their peak rates of 9 to 11 million barrels per day. 1 Russia 10,551,497 2 Saudi Arabia (OPEC) 10,460,710 3 United States 8,875,817 4 Iraq (OPEC) 4,451,516 5 Iran (OPEC) 3,990,956 6 China 3,980,650 7 Canada 3,662,694 8 United Arab Emirates (OPEC) 3,106,077 9 Kuwait (OPEC) 2,923,825 10 Brazil 2,515,459 I hope you will like video, if you do hit that Like button and dont forget to Comment and Subscribe. Suport the channel GOD CRYSTAL-https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYgJsfyR3mJYf3TmhiwBn0g music: ‘Spectre’ is Alan Walker’s follow up since his debut 2014 hit ‘Fade’. Listen on Spotify: http://spoti.fi/NCS NCS ➞ Twitch http://twitch.tv/nocopyrightsounds ➞ Spotify http://spoti.fi/NCS ➞ SoundCloud http://soundcloud.com/nocopyrightsounds Alan Walker ➞ Facebook https://www.facebook.com/DJWalkzz ➞ SoundCloud https://soundcloud.com/walkzz ➞ YouTube https://www.youtube.com/user/DjWalkzz News Theme by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://incompetech.com/ Disclaimer : GOD CRYSTAL does not own the rights to these IMAGES. They have, in accordance with fair use, been repurposed with the intent of educating and inspiring others. However, given that many aspects of Fair Use are open to interpretation, if any owners of the imnage would like me to remove the video, I have no issue with this and will do so as fast as possible. Please contact us by email at god9crystal@gmail.com Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research SUBSCRIBE the channel GOD CRYSTAL-https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYgJsfyR3mJYf3TmhiwBn0g INDIA VS PAKISTAN || TRUE DETAIL COMPARISON || WHO IS MORE POWERFUL? || 2017 https://youtu.be/oEwYvBxca2E TOP 10 || POWERFUL WEAPONS OF INDIA || 2017 || DANGEROUS WEAPONS OF INDIAN MILITARY || https://youtu.be/-Q1BnKMxPGk TOP 5 || MOST POWERFUL WEAPONS OF PAKISTAN || 2017 || PAKISTAN MILITARY POWER || PAKISTAN ARMY https://youtu.be/EKkN7bFSdNU TOP 10 | MOST POWERFUL MISSILES IN THE WORLD | 2017 | DEADLIEST MILITARY MISSILES https://youtu.be/EAH8AuWfBfw TOP 10 | MOST EXPENSIVE MILITARY WEAPONS | 2017 | MOST ADVANCED MILITARY WEAPONS 2017 https://youtu.be/e8Mudk6dnmE TOP 10 || BEST FIGHTER AIRCRAFT IN THE WORLD || 2017 || BEST FIGHTER JETS IN THE WORLD 2017 https://youtu.be/QSKHBon0C5Y TOP 10 || SMARTEST PEOPLE IN HISTORY || INTELLIGENT PEOPLE IN THE WORLD https://youtu.be/79yh0vp2aCk TOP 10 | BEST MILITARY COMMANDER GENERALS IN THE WORLD | 2017 https://youtu.be/1MlFT_DRSyM Top 10 | Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft in the World | 2017 https://youtu.be/Km_rF6nHYzU TOP 10 || BEST ATTACK HELICOPTERS IN THE WORLD || 2017 || MILITARY HELICOPTERS https://youtu.be/TdZ6a5L8GcQ TOP 10 || NUCLEAR POWER COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD || 2017 HD https://youtu.be/aEfz80HU_QE TOP 10 || STRONGEST AIR FORCES IN THE WORLD || 2017 || POWERFUL AIR FORCES || BEST AIR FORCES https://youtu.be/GeklzfSexSk TOP 10 || FASTEST FIGHTER PLANE IN THE WORLD || 2017 || FASTEST JET PLANE || FASTEST AIRCRAFT https://youtu.be/Z08xyGAZdHM 10 Most Expensive Armed Forces In The World || 2017 HD https://youtu.be/g7ZTkVETNTM Top 10 || 3rd Generation Advanced Battle Tank || Powerful Best Tank || 2017 HD https://youtu.be/DVnCYOXp5aM TOP 10 || LARGEST ECONOMIES IN THE WORLD || 2017 || RICHEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD HD https://youtu.be/FUes2S7HUEQ TOP 10 Countries With Most Aircrafts In The World 2017 || Most fighter Jets HD https://youtu.be/dgV0v9JZ-8E
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Production of Oil

Production of Oil

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  • Duration: 1:19
  • Updated: 04 Nov 2008
  • views: 55537
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http://www.EnergyTomorrow.org See how the oil and natural gas industry uses technology to extract oil from harsh environments to provide America with the energy it needs. Visit http://www.EnergyTomorrow.org to learn more.
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